Ketamine as a suicidality reversal agent

June 4th, 2011
by reuben in psychiatry

 

Rapid-onset antidepressant? Hot damn.

I would prefer an ethanol antidote, or a cure for secondary gain, but this is a start.

Abstract: We examined the preliminary feasibility, tolerability and efficacy of single-dose, intravenous (i.v.) ketamine in depressed emergency department (ED) patients with suicide ideation (SI). Fourteen depressed ED patients with SI received a single i.v. bolus of ketamine (0.2 mg/kg) over 1–2 min. Patients were monitored for 4 h, then re-contacted daily for 10 d. Treatment response and time to remission were evaluated using the Montgomery–Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and Kaplan–Meier survival analysis, respectively. Mean MADRS scores fell significantly from 40.4 (s.e.m.=1.8) at baseline to 11.5 (s.e.m.=2.2) at 240 min. Median time to MADRS score ≤10 was 80 min (interquartile range 0.67–24 h). SI scores (MADRS item 10) decreased significantly from 3.9 (s.e.m.=0.4) at baseline to 0.6 (s.e.m. =0.2) after 40 min post-administration; SI improvements were sustained over 10 d. These data provide preliminary, open-label support for the feasibility and efficacy of ketamine as a rapid-onset antidepressant in the ED.

Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2011 May 5:1-5. PMID: 21565879


 

Back Top

Leave a Reply