Calcium channel blockers for SVT

November 26th, 2009
by reuben in arrhythmia

We all love adenosine, but patients don’t. Many seasoned EPs moved to adenosine when it became popular and then moved back to CCBs. It’s hard to argue with this.

sdarticle.pdf (page 1 of 6)

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Responses to “Calcium channel blockers for SVT”

  1. Recent Caffeine Ingestion Reduces Adenosine Efficacy in the Treatment of Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia

    Academic Emergency Medicine
    Volume 17 Issue 1, Pages 44 – 49

    Objectives: Caffeine, an adenosine receptor blocker, should theoretically reduce adenosine efficacy in the treatment of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). We aimed to determine the effect of recent caffeine ingestion on the likelihood of reversion of SVT with adenosine.

    Methods: This was a multicenter, case?control study of adult patients with SVT treated with adenosine between September 2007 and July 2008. The primary endpoint was reversion to sinus rhythm (SR) after a 6-mg adenosine bolus, as a function of recent (within 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours) caffeine ingestion. Caffeine ingestion data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire.

    Results: Of 68 patients enrolled, 52 (76.5%, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 64.4% to 85.6%) reverted after a 6-mg adenosine bolus. There were no significant differences in age, sex, or daily caffeine ingestion between patients who did and did not revert (p > 0.05). However, as a group, patients who did not revert had recently ingested significantly more caffeine (p < 0.05). If caffeine had been ingested less than 2 or 4 hours before the adenosine bolus, the odds of reversion to SR were significantly reduced (odds ratio [OR] = 0.18, 95% CI = 0.04 to 0.93; and OR = 0.14, 95% CI = 0.04 to 0.49, respectively). If caffeine had been ingested less than 6 or 8 hours before the adenosine, the odds of reversion were not reduced (OR = 0.31, 95% CI = 0.09 to 1.02; and OR = 0.31, 95% CI = 0.09 to 1.08, respectively). Conclusions: Ingestion of caffeine less than 4 hours before a 6-mg adenosine bolus significantly reduces its effectiveness in the treatment of SVT. An increased initial adenosine dose may be indicated for these patients.

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